Ageeva Elena Aleksandrovna, Candidate of juridical sciences, associate professor, head of the department of state and legal disciplines, Saint-Petersburg State Agrarian University (2 Peterburgskoe highway, Pushkin, Russia), email@example.com
Background. Executive power in the modern state truly come to the fore. But was it forever? State history of the United States demonstrates the unstable balance of power between the branches of power. The main competitors in the struggle for influence were the White House and Congress, but in certain periods, the behavior of the Supreme Court was significant for the state’s destinies. In the 1930s, for example, the double conservatism of the supreme judges at the height of the New Deal seriously complicated the implementation of reforms by President F. D. Roosevelt.
In the 1950s. the initiative of Chairman E. Warren and his colleagues to address the problem of racial segregation in the field of school education stimulated further action on the part of the state in the 1960s in the fight against racism. The purpose of the work is to analyze the peculiarities of the judicial power of the state mechanism of the USA in the late 1930s and early 1980s.
Materials and methods. The achievement of the goal was achieved on the basis of an analysis of the ratio of the judiciary to the executive and legislative in the light of the main judgments of the Supreme Court of the United States in the selected period
of the research. The research uses methods of comparative legal and historical legal analysis, with their help we can see the balance of political forces in the US state machinery in the light of the fundamental decisions of the US Supreme Court, taking into account the specific historical circumstances of their adoption.
Results. The ratio of judicial power in the US state machinery, the late 1930s and early 1980s, was investigated.
Conclusions. State history of the United States demonstrates the unstable balance of power between the branches of power. Studying the decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States makes it possible to clarify the place of the judiciary and its relationship with other branches of government since the late 1930s and early 1980s, taking into account objective and subjective factors.
US Supreme Court, Legislature, Executive power, Main Judicial Decisions in the USA, Chief Justices
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